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Titanium and zirconia are two materials commonly used in dental implants

Views: 232     Author: Wendy     Publish Time: 2023-08-18      Origin: Site


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Titanium and zirconia are two materials commonly used in dental implants

Titanium and zirconia are the two materials used in dental implants. Because they are biocompatible and effective for the majority of patients, these sorts of materials are frequently preferred. These materials are durable and, with the right upkeep and care, may last for almost a lifetime. Due to its strength and longevity, titanium is frequently the material of choice for dental implants. A brand-new implant material called zirconia is thermally inductive and has a 0% corrosion rate.

What exactly does a dental implant consist of, though? Let's review the main elements of the best dental implant materials now being applied in implant dentistry.

What are the most popular materials for dental implantations?

Titanium is the most widely used substance for dental implants. Titanium meets the key criteria for a dental implant material: it is robust and long-lasting. Today, however, other materials besides titanium are also employed to make dental implants. Modern technology has allowed for the creation of dental implants in a variety of materials. These materials have been the subject of extensive clinical research, with an emphasis on the physical and chemical characteristics that influence their clinical applications. The materials used for dental implants most frequently today are as follows:

What are the advantages of titanium?

Dental implants made of titanium are thought to be the most popular choice. Researchers have found that titanium metal implants promote healthy bone growth because the bone around them grows when the implants are in contact with the bone and left alone. This aids in the formation of a strong bond with the bone. It could be an alloy or commercially pure. While titanium alloys are made of aluminum and vanadium, commercially pure titanium frequently contains trace amounts of iron, nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon that improve the material's mechanical qualities. The most popular titanium alloy is composed of 4% vanadium and 6% aluminum, and it is heat-treated to boost strength. This produces a low-density material that is resistant to corrosion and fatigue.

Just a few of the many benefits of titanium dental implants include the following:

Longevity and Robustness

Your new dental implant can be made of titanium since it has the best strength-to-density ratio of any metallic element. In addition, titanium is used in a wide range of other industries, such as space exploration, aviation, armor plating, and orthopedics.

X-ray and MRI compatibility

Patients with titanium implants can safely endure x-rays and MRIs since magnets cannot attract metal.

For Bone Implantation Appropriate

One of titanium's greatest benefits is its remarkable capacity to bond with bone. Additionally, titanium is used in numerous orthopedic implant applications.

Despite the fact that the majority of the literature focuses on orthopedic implants, there have been some worries raised about titanium sensitivity, which may be related to implant surface corrosion. Some people might be sensitive to or allergic to other metals used in alloys, even though there is little evidence of titanium allergies. Additionally, some people prefer to have no metal at all. Regarding responses, some individuals may experience hypersensitivity to titanium, which could result in implant failure. It is rare for titanium implants to fail due to fracture; potential explanations include the implant's design, a manufacturing flaw, or an improperly fitted framework.

What are the advantages of zirconia?

Zirconia, a relatively young substance compared to titanium, is seen to have a promising future as a dental implant material. Zirconia dental implant material is becoming more popular while being a relatively new substance.

Zirconia is a material that fuses with bone just as effectively as titanium does, allaying patient worries about metal allergies or sensitivities. A zero-corrosion rate and the elimination of metal appearing through the gums or becoming exposed due to gum or bone recession are two potential advantages of zirconium. Although zirconium is also thermally inductive, it is unknown if heat conductivity from a titanium implant would be detectable by a human. Zirconium's longevity is unclear, and nothing is known about how it integrates into bone because of how recently it has been used.

There is limited room for error because zirconium implants are made from a single component that includes the post and abutment. Because the implant cannot be hidden under the gum tissue and any movement could prevent Osseointegration, healing could be more difficult. The implant needs to be surgically placed in the right spot at the right angle, with enough bone volume. It is frequently feasible to place a titanium implant and a bone graft simultaneously if bone volume is less than ideal—an operation that would be riskier with a zirconium implant. Due to their propensity for fracture, zirconium implants, especially those with a smaller diameter, might not be the best option for those with high levels of function.


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